Genuine features and character
The breed was bred up for big game hunting (wild
boars, puma, wild fox, etc.)
Its general appearance is of strenght, force and
energy with a compact figure and robust muscular development,
that highly contrast with its mild and gentle expression. Its
body is pefectly balanced; with straight front legs and well arched
robust hindquarters, curved for the long run: strong and muscular
neck, the tail thick, gradually coming to a point and naturally
fallen towards the hock joint, in the whole, it must represent
power, resistance and a great physical fora but also an agile
and good runner dog. It is a mesomorphy or normotype and in it
a macrothalic without reaching gigantism.
The judge must pay particular attention to the
height and the broadness of the chest.
Height from 63 to 70 cm. in the males and 60 to
63 cm. in the bitch. In the author's last book he makes it cleat
that in requiring the recognizement of the breed. I gave 65 cm.
as a maximun height, so as to give an idea of its soma ... only
in an enunciative way ... and not in a rigid way ... an adult
male with less than 63 cm., must be desquolified as well as a
bitch less than 60 cm. While selecting in a group of good exemplars,
the judge must incline itself towards the highest dog provided
its conformation is simetric and harmonic in the whole.
Conformation of the body:
The proportion between the height and lengh is
approximately 2/3 (unto the tail's insertion)
A mesophorme and macrothalic.
Working dog: Used for big game hunting, guardian, blind
leader and field work.
Description of the whole
a)Viewed from above or sideways the proportion of the
head is about 1/3 of the distance between the occiput and the
tail´s insertion, furthermore the widht and lengh of the
skull and the muzzle must be similar. The head's profile is convex-concave.
b)Skull: solid and massive, broad between ears,
convexed sideviewed and with pronounced relieves caused by the
insertion of the masticator and neck muscle, in one word a typical
head of a masticator dog.
Stop: Slightly angulated.
Muzzle: same lengh of the skull.
The tip's profile is slightly concave upwardly like that of a
"scenting dog". That is,it possesses a masticator skull
with a marked relieve of the muscle insertion and a scentive muzzle,
which scents up in the air. The zigomathic arches must be strong,
prominent and bony so as to be able to give strong insertion to
the masseteric fossa there is a nodule formation characteristic
of the strong bite. Another well developed muscle is the temporal
wich contributes to the convexity of the skull.
Nose: Black. Broad nostrils.
Lips: Should fit tightly and
evenly, free bordered-black coloured. Side-viewed they must cut
in a right-angle under the muzzle, but not hang. The top lip must
be short to permit additional breathing when biting firmly.
Teeth: good implantation, big
in size. Without prognatism. "I consider more important the
homogeneity of the dental archades and the lack of caries than
the number of molars and estimate the existence of prognatism
when both rows of front teeth do not touch each other.
Eyes: Dark or hazel coloured.
Eyelids cloaked with black or light borders.
Well separated, bright and intelligent but harsh
look at the same time.
"Light eyes or of different colour have to be disquolified".
Ears: Over the top of the head.
Triangular in shape, cut short and must stand erect. Long ears
represent a great disadvantage to the big game hunting dog. Any
injury would be very painfull. "I want to make it clear that
"cut" does not mean "mutilation" of the ears.
The lack of pavilium could bother correct hearing.
Profile: Strong, graceful.
Lenght: Keeps harmonyt with the body.
Skin: Very thick in the troat,
wrinkles similar to those of Bull Mastiff, or Bull dogs and not
stiff like in the Bull Terrier.
General aspect: top line.
Withers: Smooth because the powerfull
neck muscles covers it completely, whereas in its insertion head-neck
forms an arch (it becomes confused with the curved line in the
Back: High, very strong with
great muscular relieves.
Croup: The vertebral column is
higher in the back slightly drooping towards the croup. (In adult
dogs if the back and kidneys are well developed, side-viewed the
spine muscles insertion produce great relieves simulating a side-saddle.
Chest: Very wide and deep, diving
a feeling of great lung capacity. Front-viewed, the brisket must
go under the elbow. Of great importance to the breed. Ribs. Well
Stomach and Flanks: The stomach
lines blends into a curve to the rear. Side-viewed the thorax
must go under the elbows.
Large and thick, must not surpass the hock joint, at
rest or walking should fall naturally; when excited, running or
fighting slightly curved upwardly (saber-like) and constantly
waging it as showing happiness, never too curved.
Straight, strong. Short fingers and set together. "The
lengh of the fingers according to the hands, well padded, very
rough skin with callousness which will permit long running on
hard or stony soil without harm".
A greater bending of the shoulder blade is considered
Strong muscular thighs, short hock, closed fingers, no
aberrant fingers. Good angulations, bearing in mind they propel
force and velocity and sustenance during the fight. (Id. Id. p.
Any type of pace could be allright although walking is
Light coloured, slightly pleated on the base of the lower
Short, soft and thick.
White. Any coloured spot in the hair must be considered
an atavistic character and hence should be disquolified. "Although
dark spots in the head need not be disquolified, but in a selection
between two similar exemplars, the whole white must be preferred.
Whereas any spot in its body is sufficient motive por disquolification.
Light coloured eyes, deafness, hair spots in the body,
long hair, white nose or whith more than two thirds of white,
overshot or undershot, fallen lips, greyhound like head, long
ears or extremely short, male under 63 cm. in height and female
under 60 cm. More than one big dark spot in the head, any physical
The aberrant finger substract points but doesn't
lead to disquolification.